Plant Index


 
 
 

Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus L.

fringe-tree, white fringetree, old man’s beard

Synonym(s): Chionanthus virginicus var. maritimus
Chionanthus virginicus (Fringe-tree)
Image ID: 12873
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CHVI3
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chionanthus virginicus
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-02-07

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CHION
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Chionanthus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Fringetree
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of controversial circumscription, either of only 2 or 3 species, limited to se. North America and possibly e. Asia, or (if including Linociera and/or other relatives) of about 60, shrubs and trees, primarily tropical. Hong-Wa & Besnard (2013) exclude the African and Madagascarian species and suggest a much narrower circumscription of Chionanthus, but the best circumscription of this genus and other related genera remains unclear.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Nesom in prep. (FNA); Hardin (1974)=Z; Hong-Wa & Besnard (2013).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: OLEACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Oleaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Hoffmansegg & Link 1813
FAMILY COMMON: Olive Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 25 genera and 600-615 species, trees and shrubs, nearly cosmopolitan, but centered in Asia.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Hardin (1974)=Z; Green in Kadereit (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: to 25 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: April-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Creamy-white flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sept.-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: White fringetree is one of the most ornamental southeastern native trees. The loose, arching branches bear panicles of feathery white flowers in late spring. On female plants, the flowers are followed by dark blue to black berries in Sept.-Oct., which are eaten by songbirds. White fringetree can be grown as either a large shrub or small tree, with an open, spreading habit. Its fall foliage color is yellow. The Choctaw tribe used the roots and bark to make a dressing for wounds. The Chionanthus genus supports up to 8 lepidoptera species.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
212 2011-0035 2011-01-31 211 View
377 2011-0250 2011-11-29 381 View
821 1985-0485 View
1261 1986-1033 View
3793 1991-0488 View
4579 1992-0735 View
4748 1993-0019 View
4920 1995-0038 View
5089 1995-0208 View
5711 1995-0837 View
6024 1995-1155 View
6522 1996-0150 View
6851 1998-0057 View
7422 2000-0167 2000-04-25 View
7461 2000-0206 2000-05-15 View
7532 2000-0293 2000-09-21 View
8058 2004-0066 2004-09-09 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
211 HORT 2010-03-01 NCBG staff View
381 HORT Liloia View
1084 HORT 2005-08-11 Bell View
1299 HORT 2006-08-15 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
427 212 28 MacIntyre 2011-03-03 View
428 212 21 Poythress 2011-04-08 View
429 212 32 Poythress 2011-04-15 View
430 212 34 Poythress 2011-04-15 View
908 377 20 Mixon 2013-04-01 View
1561 821 158 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
2177 1261 84 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6102 3793 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6908 4579 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7084 4748 6 NCBG staff 1991-03-01 View
7339 4920 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7508 5089 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8225 5711 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8674 6024 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9223 6522 135 NCBG staff 1996-01-01 View
9713 6851 159 NCBG staff 1998-02-27 View
10422 7422 174 NCBG staff 2000-04-19 View
10468 7461 153 NCBG staff 2000-04-26 View
10469 7461 155 NCBG staff 2000-04-26 View
10584 7532 115 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
11324 8058 27 NCBG staff 2003-07-17 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CHVI3
USDA Common Name: White Fringetree
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DC, DE, FL, GA, KY, LA, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FAC FACU FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chionanthus virginicus
COMMON NAME: Fringe-tree, Old Man's Beard
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, Mo, Pa, RAB, Va, W, WH3, Z; = C. virginica - S, orthographic variant]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Jul-Sep.
HABITAT: Dry, mesic, or wet forests and woodlands, granitic flatrocks and domes, glades and barrens over various rocks (including granite, greenstone, etc.), swamp forests in the Coastal Plain, tidal swamps, rarely pocosins.
COMMENTS: NJ, s. PA, s. OH, and MO south to c. peninsular FL and e. TX. C. virginicus in our area shows a diversity of morphology and correlated habitat that suggests the possible presence of two taxa. Swamp- and pocosin-inhabiting populations in the outer Coastal Plain have leaves 4-8 as long as wide and seem very different than Piedmont dry woodland populations with leaves 1-2 as long as wide; further and more careful study is needed. C. virginicus is a traditional southern yard plant, often used as a specimen plant, very showy in spring, particularly when grown to its full size.
RANGE MAP: Chionanthus virginicus.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Oleaceae Hoffmansegg & Link 1813 (Olive Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 25 genera and 600-615 species, trees and shrubs, nearly cosmopolitan, but centered in Asia.
REFERENCE: Hardin (1974)=Z; Green in Kadereit (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Chionanthus L. (Fringetree)
SUMMARY: A genus of controversial circumscription, either of only 2 or 3 species, limited to se. North America and possibly e. Asia, or (if including Linociera and/or other relatives) of about 60, shrubs and trees, primarily tropical. Hong-Wa & Besnard (2013) exclude the African and Madagascarian species and suggest a much narrower circumscription of Chionanthus, but the best circumscription of this genus and other related genera remains unclear.
REFERENCE: Nesom in prep. (FNA); Hardin (1974)=Z; Hong-Wa & Besnard (2013).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Chionanthus virginicus in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Chionanthus virginicus in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Chionanthus virginicus in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Chionanthus virginicus in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Chionanthus virginicus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chionanthus virginicus

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12873
ID IMAGE2: 7476
ID IMAGE3: 12873

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26 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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