Plant Index


 
 
 

Baptisia australis

Baptisia australis (L.) R. Br.

blue wild indigo

Cultivar(s): Purple Smoke
Baptisia australis (Blue Wild Indigo)
Image ID: 8800
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: BAAU
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Baptisia australis
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-10-16

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
24 Purple Smoke View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: BAPTI
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Baptisia
GENUS AUTHORITY: Vent.
GENUS COMMON: Wild indigo
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 20 species, perennial herbs, of temperate e. and c. North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Isely (1981)=Y; Larisey (1940a)=Z; Mendenhall (1994a, 1994b)=X; Turner (2006)=Q; Isely (1998)=I; Woods & Diamond (2014).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: FABACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Fabaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Legume Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect, bushy perennial of glades, barrens and open woodlands over limestone or other calcareous rocks, and over diabase or other mafic rocks.
STEMS: Stems several (and more with age) from a woody base, branches angled upward, smooth and with a white-waxy coating.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, the petioles with conspicuous stipules at the base; divided into 3 bluish-green, oval leaflets, each 1/2-3 in. long and smooth.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in erect, terminal racemes (to 12 in. long) extending well above foliage; blue-violet, 1 in. long, bilaterally symmetric with typical pea-flower shape.
FRUITS: Fruit an inflated seed pod with pointed tip; turns charcoal-black when ripe.
COMMENTS: Two varieties of this species are sometimes recognized: var. aberrans, with leaflets mostly oriented in a vertical plane (as opposed to horizontal) and racemes generally shorter and more densely flowered than in var. australis. Habitat described here is for var. aberrans; var. australis is more typically found on riverbank scour areas and gravel bars, as well as disturbed areas, where it persists from cultivation. Early Americans used B. australis as an inferior dye substitute for true indigo.
HEIGHT: 2-3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Trifoliate
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Bilateral (Zygomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Apr-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Blue, purple
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Disturbed, Outcrops and glades, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: This fine southeastern native perennial looks attractive throughout the growing season. Its spikes of blue pea-like flowers are beautiful. Each plant grows into a bushy mound of attractive bluish-green foliage. Tall Blue Wild Indigo is tough and easy to grow. Mature plants have a shrub-like appearance. Once established, it is a drought-tolerant, long-lived perennial. The root of this plant was used by Native Americans to treat skin infections. 1992 N.C. Wildflower of the Year

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE: 3
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
2461 1986-2302 View
3483 1991-0132 View
6502 1996-0127 View
6506 1996-0131 View
7966 2003-0018 2003-08-03 View
8170 2004-0181 2006-05-19 View
8622 2006-0204 2006-08-22 View
9133 2006-0343 2006-10-27 1805 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
1048 HORT 2006-08-01 Bryan View
1090 HORT 2005-01-01 Bryan View
1093 HORT 2006-08-01 Bryan View
1713 HORT 2005-01-01 Bryan View
1733 HORT 2005-01-01 Keith View
1805 HORT 1991-01-01 View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
4174 2461 142 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
4175 2461 27 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
5737 3483 94 NCBG staff 1987-01-01 View
9193 6502 135 NCBG staff 2000-05-01 View
9194 6502 142 NCBG staff 2000-05-01 View
9198 6506 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11209 7966 93 NCBG staff 2003-04-23 View
11426 8170 81 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
11913 9133 135 NCBG staff 1991-01-01 View
11914 9133 139 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12279 8622 32 Mixon 2012-03-28 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: BAAU
USDA Common Name: Blue Wild Indigo
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (I)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, MI, MO, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU UPL FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Fabaceae Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Legume Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Baptisia Vent. (Wild indigo)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 20 species, perennial herbs, of temperate e. and c. North America.
REFERENCE: Isely (1981)=Y; Larisey (1940a)=Z; Mendenhall (1994a, 1994b)=X; Turner (2006)=Q; Isely (1998)=I; Woods & Diamond (2014).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Baptisia australis in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Baptisia australis in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Baptisia australis in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Baptisia australis in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Baptisia australis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Baptisia australis

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 8800
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 28599

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36 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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